Special Education Explained
Navigating special education in Texas is challenging. Our goal is to take the mystery out of how special education is funded and how services are provided in Texas. We focus on topics important to parents and community members. We aim to empower you to understand the complex systems surrounding special education in Texas.
Special Education Funding
Special Education funding is complicated. Many parents believe that federal and state governments provide funding or that special education is entirely funded by the federal government. It is actually the local school districts or charters that are mainly responsible for providing a free appropriate education, or FAPE. Special education services are federally mandated through the Individuals with Disabilities Education (IDEA) and require states to provide children with special education services as a condition of receiving federal funds.
Special Education Services
Special education is a range of services and supports available to help a student learn and make progress in school. Each student’s program is individualized to meet their particular academic and functional needs and to do it with their peers without disabilities as much as possible. Each student’s program, as documented in the Individualized Education Program (IEP), is planned to provide an opportunity for school completion, a workforce ready future, and increased quality of life.